King Khalid University Hospital
King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH) offers free health services and possesses highly qualified consultants, carefully chosen physicians, and the finest nursing staff and general personnel possible. KKUH is equipped with the most current technological equipment, and annually serves the needs of a host of ambitious students at the College of Medicine. Inpatients and outpatients receive hospital’s services 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
The Anesthesia Department provides complete anesthesia services, including general, spinal, major regional, moderate and deep sedation and pain management.
Anesthesia services are available to all inpatients and outpatients on an emergent, urgent and elective basis, Monday through Friday, with on-call coverage after hours and on weekends and holidays. Anesthesia services are available immediately when anesthesia is determined necessary for all emergency and obstetric cases.
The Anesthesia Department is directed by a board-certified anesthesiologist and staffed by qualified physicians and certified registered nurse anesthetists.
The Cardiology Department provides cardiac diagnostic therapeutic services for the inpatient and outpatient population.
The patient population served by the department consists of newborn, pediatric, adolescent, adult and geriatric patients requiring cardiac, testing or treatment to maintain optimum physiological maintenance of the cardiac system. Procedures performed by the department include but are not limited to ECGs, treadmill and thallium stress testing, nuclear cardiology, diagnostic and therapeutic coronary catheterizations. The department also covers all cardiac surgeries including grafting, value, and heart beating cardiac surgeries. The department also covers 24 hours consultations services and CCU coverage. Multispecialty outpatient's clinics are also covered.
All staff are certified clinicians and technologists
The Clinical Laboratory Department provides comprehensive testing and blood bank services for all patients utilizing the facility.
The Clinical Laboratory is open seven days per week, 24 hours per day to inpatient and outpatient patient population. Microbiology, Bacteriology, Hematology, Chemistry, Urinalysis, Serology, immunology, molecular biology, and Blood Bank services are available. Relationships with outside reference laboratories allow for completion of any laboratory test in a timely manner via computerized interface. All outside reference laboratories are approved by the medical staff.
The Clinical Laboratory personnel include personnel certified in medical technology and phlebotomy. Assignments within the department are based upon the complexity of the testing requirements. All personnel evidence proficiency with the Clinical Laboratory computer system and all chemistry and laboratory equipment. All personnel have an understanding and are able to demonstrate knowledge of the laboratory specific safety and infection control policies and procedures, as well as, the organizational safety management and utilities management programs. The physician director of the Clinical Laboratory is board certified in Clinical Pathology.
The Emergency Department is a Level one emergency treatment facility which is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week, fully staffed with licensed physicians and nursing personnel at all times.
The department provides evaluation and treatment to patients of various ages and varying levels of illness from minor to critical. All patients presenting to the facility requesting emergency treatment are medically screened by the Emergency Department physician. The Emergency Department patients are then evaluated for response to treatment and are admitted to the hospital, transferred for further necessary treatment not provided by the facility or discharged with follow-up instructions as appropriate.
The Emergency Department is staffed with registered nurses and licensed practical/vocational nurses, who are certified in ACLS, PALS and BCLS. All personnel, additionally, demonstrate competency in the performance of specialized ED skills.
Engineering is responsible for the organization's equipment management program, condition of the physical plant; including all grounds and equipment. All equipment is inspected and maintained as environment units, in accordance with the equipment preventive maintenance system, either directly through the Engineering Department or via outside vendor contracting. Engineering also assumes oversight responsibility for the safety and security of the organization, including the safety management program, physical condition of the plant and grounds and security of patients, personnel and visitors.
The Engineering Department is responsible for the organization's equipment management program. The program assesses and controls the clinical and physical risks of fixed and portable equipment used for the diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and care of patients. Equipment that is considered essential for life support, associated with a higher than normal incident risk during routine operation and requiring by reason of complexity a more intensive maintenance schedule, associated with utility systems that maintain a normal hospital environment are supplied or maintained and recorded on an individual basis within the system. Inspection, maintenance and repair of the following categories of equipment and documentation thereof is the responsibility of the following departments:
• Imaging equipment - Imaging Services
• Laboratory testing equipment - Clinical Laboratory
• Anesthetic delivery equipment (including analyzers) - Surgery
• Computer terminal equipment - Data Processing/Information Systems
• Communication lines - Operator/Business Office
• Personal computers - Desktop Publishing/Information Systems
• Telecommunications equipment - Operator/Business Office
• Verification of oxygen purity and nitrous oxide at the point of delivery to the patient - Cardiopulmonary
The personnel in the Engineering Department possess the skill level in order to provide safe, competent and accurate care as defined under the scope of care. Personnel must possess knowledge of safety program policies.
Imaging Services Department:
The Imaging Services Department is a comprehensive service providing sophisticated clinical application of imaging technology 24 hours per day, seven days per week. Services are provided to the inpatient and outpatient population of all ages, both within the Imaging Services Department and at the patient bedside. Diagnostic result reporting is continuously transmitted through the computer system with hard copy printing. Outpatient results are sent to the ordering physician's office. The department consists of Diagnostic Radiology, Interventional Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, CT, MRI, Mammography and Ultrasound services.
Physician orders are entered into the computer order entry system with special needs of the patient identified at the time of ordering. Patients requiring transportation assistance will have this need met by Imaging Services Department personnel. Certain medical conditions may necessitate the accompaniment of a registered nurse based upon the assessment of the nursing personnel. Patient condition or type of exam may require the procedure be performed outside of the department. This may occur on patient units, in the surgical suite, or any area where emergent imaging is ordered by a physician.
All departments providing patient care have established lines of communication with the medical staff. Established mechanisms for communicating issues are described in the organizational wide Manual.
Scope of care and service of each member of the medical staff is delineated through the clinical privileging process according to the bylaws of the medical staff. The Emergency Department physician is onsite 24 hours per day, seven days per week to meet patient care needs. Individual service committee scope of services is outlined.
Nursing Services is under the direction of the Nurse Executive of the organization. Nursing services are provided in all direct patient care nursing units. The Nurse Executive and the individual unit nurse managers are held responsible for the nursing professional standards of the organization, the responsibility for the standards of care and practice, performance assessment and improvement, policies and procedures, nursing staffing plans, personnel competency and nursing licensure within the Nursing Services Department. Collaborative activities have been established to ensure that these responsibilities are addressed in all areas throughout the organization where nursing care is provided.
The Nurse Executive assumes an active leadership role in the hospital's decision making structures and process.
The Nurse Executive assures the provision of nursing services, in the hospital, 24 hours a day, seven days per week. At least one on-premise registered nurse furnishes or supervises nursing services 24 hours a day, seven days per week.
Nursing care is accomplished through the execution of the nursing process; patient teaching, administering, supervising, delegating and evaluating nursing care and practice. This includes implementation of nursing standards of care and practice.
All nursing care is under the direction of registered nurses and Nursing Aides. ECG monitoring technicians must evidence competency and completion of a certified EKG reading and interpretation program. Unit secretaries must display a thorough knowledge of unit specific as well as organization wide policies and procedures and be proficient in the computer order entry system.
The Pathology Department provides for examination, diagnosis and description of all human tissue and cytology specimens received in the department.
The Pathology Department provides for examination, diagnosis and description of tissue and other specimens received in the Pathology Laboratory during routine departmental hours. The Pathology Department is open during routine business hours with availability via exchange beeper of department personnel in an emergency situation.
The Pathology Department operates under the direction of a physician licensed in anatomical and clinical pathology and run by certified pathologists and pathology technologists.
Copies of all physicians’ orders for medications are provided to the Pharmacy for filling and appropriate processing. Pharmacist and pharmacy technicians routinely make rounds of the patient care units to retrieve copies once they have been removed from the patient's medical record. Orders are filled in the Pharmacy Department after screening is performed for duplication, interactions and allergies against each patient medication profile. The Pharmacy Department is open during the hours of 8:00 AM through 4:30 PM, Saturday to Wednesday for outpatient pharmacy while the inpatient and emergency pharmacy is open 24 hours 7 days a week. A limited set of medications, approved by the hospital, are available when the Pharmacy is closed. These medications are locked and secured in an area outside of the Pharmacy. Only trained, designated prescribers and nurses are allowed access to these medications.
A pharmacist is available on-call or at another location to answer questions or provide medications that designated staff cannot access.
The Pharmacy Department is designed to meet the primary needs of all customers. The customer base is composed of all patients, both inpatients and outpatients, who require medications, medication counseling and/or education. The customer base also includes the physicians prescribing medications and other healthcare providers who administer medications to the patient population. The Pharmacy Department's services includes dispensing of pharmaceuticals, appropriate inventory maintenance functions, drug monitoring, patient drug assessment functions, appropriate record keeping, drug information, education services and performance improvement functions. The Pharmacy Department also serves in an advisory capacity through the P&T Committee, Primary Care Committee and the administrative leaders to ensure the development, coordination and review of all professional standards, procedures, policies and controls relating to procurement, storage, dispensing and safe use of medications.
The Pharmacy Department is organized to provide services directed at meeting the needs of the patient population. Services are directed toward providing care to patients in all phases of development from newborn to geriatric states.
Pharmacy Department personnel must possess the skill level in order to provide safe, competent and accurate care as defined under the above scope of care for the Pharmacy Department. Pharmacists must be registered and, with training and experience that emphasizes an acute and long term care hospital environment. Technician personnel must meet the licensing/certification requirements and should possess national certification. Ancillary and support personnel must possess basic educational requirements and be trained to assist the professional personnel as appropriate. All personnel are provided with regular continuing education and training to maintain proficiency and competence. Technicians and Pharmacists are required to demonstrate active participation in continuing education courses as required by the State Board of Pharmacy by providing documentation of attendance.
The Physical Therapy Department provides prescribed therapies/tests for the inpatient and outpatient population. Therapy is performed at the patient bedside or in the Physical Therapy Department. Physical Therapy personnel have the responsibility to transport patients to the department for treatment and services.
The Physical Therapy Department delivers comprehensive services to individuals with physical dysfunction secondary to disability, disease or injury in accordance with professional standards of practice, departmental policies and procedures and organizational standards. Services include comprehensive assessments, development of treatment plans, delivery and documentation of care, consultation, re-evaluation, discharge planning and patient/family education.
The personnel in the Physical Therapy Department possess the appropriate skill level to provide safe, competent and accurate care as defined under the scope of care. Physical Therapists must be licensed and possess a BS or MS from an institution that meets accreditation for physical therapy licensure requirements. Physical Therapy Assistants must possess licensure. Physical Therapy Aides within the department must evidence appropriate degree of competency in physical therapy practice.
The Surgical Services Department provides services for operative and other invasive procedures and immediate postoperative care on a 24-hour basis.
The Surgical Services Department provides a safe and comfortable environment for both patients and personnel in order to provide optimum assistance to the surgeons in meeting the emergency, preventive and restorative health needs of the patients. Procedures performed include general, ENT, ophthalmic, oral, neurological, thoracic, colorectal, cardio, vascular, urological, orthopedic, pain management, obstetrical and gynecological operative and other invasive procedures.
Patients are continually assessed throughout the peri-operative experience. Modifications to the plan of care are based on reassessment of the patient. In the immediate postoperative phase, the patient is under the direct supervision of the anesthesiologist/anesthetist who maintains responsibility for the needs of the patient until the patient has been appropriately discharged from the PACU.